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What is Lumbar Disc Herniation and the Risk Factors attached to it

Home / What is Lumbar Disc Herniation and the Risk Factors attached to it

What is Lumbar Disc Herniation and the Risk Factors attached to it

  • Dr. Charla Fischer
  • May 23, 2017

Lumbar ruptured or herniated disc is the common cause of lower back and leg pain. The symptoms of herniated disc include low or sharp pain, cramping, muscle spasm, sciatica, weakness or loss of leg function is some cases. Conditions such as coughing, sneezing or bending forth or backward can intensify the problems. In some cases, one can experience loss of bladder or bowel control. One of the most common symptoms associated with lumbar disc herniation is Sciatica. The sciatic pain is caused due to pressure on one or more nerves that contribute to the sciatic nerve and it leads to tingling, burning, and numbness that may extend from buttock into the leg (it usually impacts one side of the body).
What are the risk factors associated with Lumbar Disc Herniation?
Excessive use of tobacco, inadequate diet and lack of regular exercises lead to poor disc health. As the body ages, discs can gradually dry out because of the natural biochemical change and due to this disc strength and resiliency can be impacted. In other words, we can say that aging can make intervertebral discs less capable of absorbing any kind of shocks. Another reason that contributes towards it is poor posture. If these factors are combined with other things such as daily wear and tear, it becomes easy to understand why a disc can herniate.
What are the Risk factors associated with Lumbar Disc Herniation?
Factors that are associated with lumbar disc herniation are:
Age: Anyone who is between the age group of 35-50 years stands at a higher risk of being impacted by this condition.
Gender: Men are at a higher risk of suffering from lumbar disc herniation.
Physical work: People who are involved in work where heavy lifting is required are generally at a higher risk of developing lumbar disc herniation. Activities which involve pulling, pushing or twisting can add to the risk if they are repeated regularly.
Smoking: Nicotine can limit the flow of blood to spinal discs which can higher the chances of lumbar disc herniation.
Obesity: Excess weight increases the chances of herniated disc because it causes stress on the lumbar spine.
Family history: One of the extensive studies has found that a family history of lumbar disc herniation is enough to find future herniation. So, the people who have this condition running in their family must be extra attentive to avoid it from developing.
There are several factors related to lumbar disc herniation that is within the control of an individual. One must take good care of the spine, watch the posture, make healthy choices and avoid smoking. Though doing all this does not guarantee that you will never get this condition, but these steps can help to prevent them to a great deal.

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